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AR 357 

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Center for Jewish History 

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New York, NY 10011 

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ALA 4^ 

- Preu99, Joeeph, T)r. ^A.l67 
Shanghai Uimicipal CouncU Certificate 357 
of Itegistralion Xtec.7, 19u2 
photocopy of print with typeirr, also 

Chinese Ip ^ t * ^ fr%^ 

2. Essoyan, Ttoy "Kaifeng Jeire isolated for 
S(X) yTars, Br. Preuss declares" Shanghai 
Svenirig Post L Ifercuiy Oct .29, 19^7 
newsp.clip Ip 

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l.Narae 2 .Berufe,Aer7.te : 
U.Juden,Laender,S China 



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\Kaifeng Jews Isolated For 1800 
Years, Dr. Preuss Declares 


― f 〜-, / Prry:s C:-t • c-ir<„ntcHf) 

rhe Kaifen^ Jews, one of the lost races of history 
wei^e isolated from the rest of the world for some 18 
ceiUunes. according to recent investigations into their 
on, bv Dr. Joseph Preuss of Shanghai. 

Desceiidant; of silk traders 

― HI hiiK craciers 
'I'om the Medilerraaeaii. ihe 
Kaifeng Jews settled in the 
hsart of China 一 according to 
■ "nie records 一 before the Chris- 
tian era. They founded their 
synagogues and worshipped 
tl'e"' "tTie tnie God" until ahout 
4f)0 years ago. 

- After that. Dr. Preuss toM 
Ihe Associated Press in a retM'nt 
interview, they gradually be- 
fumt' asstmilated by the Chinese 
pt'opJe a 10 u ml them. 

To Deliver Lecture 
Dr. Preuss, a Shaiij?h.ii 
physician, has been engaged 
J^oi' I lie past ^\ months in (-x- 
hHusm'c leseaich into the ("'" 
gm, history and fate t^f what 
lie calls "China's foi-gottwi 
■^"Y-::. ' He intend!) to publish his 
" V.""t^ ,') he nour future and 
dehv red ii lectuiy on 'lie subject 
;" the Jewish commnnjtv ccnt'jr 
in Shanghai on Tuesday! 
, "Chinese history shows that 
t':e people of China have a tre- 
mendous power to nbsoi'b alie-i) 

I ' ""'s dwelling in theii- midst." 
ip'sl'op William C. White of Kai- 
Jfeng once said, "and it is a niiia- 
I c'e that the Kaifeng Jews ma nag- 
I etl to maintain their separate in- 
Istitutions and beliefs for as lone 
■ as 18 centmies." 
I, The Kaifpnjf Jews, according 
r'。 ^expert opinion quoted 

|J^「Dr. Preuss. first citerad 
|t l""a as traders over the ]»n<j 
Ji+outc from "'iitial Asin. During 
f [he period of Ihe Roman Empire 
' itpresE.itativt's of Jewish colo- 
, '- "-' -'^ Pc'.sia (Icvflup^d the silk 
I trade with China over tne cai a- 
Ivan rouls SUu'ing dffu^ the 
IKuphiates. through Persia ami 
I luiki-stun. tlie route led to two 
I tc:-mnius points in China— Peluii'> 
1 111(1 Kaifeng:. ' 
'T—iie silk tradt- ccvntinufd to 

Dyrr.sty fC.18 to 907 A,D.), a 
few of which Dr. Preuss has 
b-'eii able to unearth after 
manths of bro wring- around an- 
M,e ami cm-io shops depict imn- 
Chinese in foreign attire. 

"These figures were usetl for 
tomb burials by Chinese who 
:va"teii to be comforted in the 
futui'e world not cnly by their 
eai-thly possessions hut also by 
J;Jie". foreign tradesmen." Dr 
Preuss says. 

Semitic Features 
The faces cn some of these 
Lives, including ; hose in Dr. 
P'CiiSfi" collection, show distinctly 
Semitic features and piobahlv 
lepi'tisent Jewish silk traders of 
that time. 

Other important documents 
m【m'atmg that iho Jews used 
the old caravan route include a 
paper sheet of passages from 
Jhc Psalms aiuf the Prophet ; in 
Hebivnv, (liscoveied in Tun 
Huang on the southern route in 
Ciinleni Turkestan. It dales back 

to the Eighth Century and ,s 
the oldest Hebrew manuscript 
111 existence. 

"As paper at that time wna 
made only in China." ? ays Di 
Preuss, "it proves that Jewish 
tratk'i.s from China were using 
Ihiit i-nute." 

Hebrtw Inscriptiona 
. Thi'e(i Htljixw St one* i'】>:cri|— 
tiwis found ill Loyang in Honun 
proviiice. also o-i the caiav:in 
I'oute, liavL- hofii tiact-.l to (hu 
ei'(l of th,, Hail Dyriasly. 

OlIiL'r groups of Jewish co" 卜 
munitics weip known to ha"' 
srttlcd along the Hi inn coast 
Canton. Amoy. Poochnw 
;^' and HmiEchow, |„'t 
eroiijis. acc-oidiiig to Di 
Preuss, had piobaLIy an'ivfii 
"•Ut'r, over the maritime route 

"iiJoi'y is highly .•mpiobable I>p- 
causc of the enormous distances 
to be covered atid the cxti(>mp|y 
difficulty and primitive traveling 
coniJil,io/is ill aiicieiit China, t's- 
pecially for foieigntrs. 

••Besides.', he says, "in such a 
case thp largest Jewish com- 
munities would hove ueveluppJ 
along the coast and not in the 
interior of China." 

fn Kaifeng the Jewish faith 
was known as Tim, Chin Chiao. 
<*'■ "the I el ig ion that plucks out 
U 尸 sinews." probably in derision 
of the Jews' kosher practices 
Di、 Preuss has lit en uii:ii>!e t< 
fifitl u term for "Jtw" or "He 
Iji-ew" in any of the inscription; 
m Kaift-ng. Thp word "Israel'] 
was uscif to (lesignatL- both th 
religion ami its folJoweis. 

Tile calendar and festivals u 
thf Chinese Jews wei(. the sair, 
ns Ihose of tliy western Jew 
They celehrated the Jcwir^h Ne 
丄 'eiu', the Day of Atoneni ' 
Passover and Penttcost, th' 
feasted legiilnily nnil they 
Ptnted their sins. 

The syntifjogue. center of t 
Jtwish coninuinity. was built 
U63, acconlini? to inscriplif 
fouml on some tablets. But. ■ 
ni-. PieuFs. thei-p a IT indicat 
tj^at a synagogue existed lie: 
that date. It was damage ri 
flood and fir (; and I't'l'uilt— 

L'",iit. fo-nu nufd to over the mar time route 

;^】 ve^'itil th. Sixth Century S«,m. historians ha"-^ 

Europ. introdiioed the silk ed that the Jew. had enter" i 
worm jyid began to produce its I China only by this sea ruuu 

' EasJ v.-as developed, the vym-ed to KaifciiR. Dr. Preuss 
saj's, however, that - 

(aiav.v.) routf^ fell into - disuse 
ami the Jews who had settled 
? tile niteiior ,.f China found 
I'.l cir.selves isolated from their 
I country of orieiii. 

Coitimunitieji Formed 
Ui,""n"'a:; "^'"'y itutural," says 
|i*r. Preu>-s. "that in the larger 
centers Jewish 'laders 
, scUIfd down and formed 
i:'"i"uii"ties. W,、 mil." assume 
ih:it thc-y entered China not in 
;' stmim of inimigiatinn 
I'lit m small detachments, partly 
1(1'" relatives or friends. oVj 

>' (':iUN 二 they v.'ere fwcM to 
I;""' Persia owing to racial 
I ;'、 "-'"""'"tion by the Snssaii", 
I ' f-raian kings." 

pi-. Pifuss says he has been 
I iJb'e to fi'id little reliable in- 
foinmtion about the earliest 
communiUe.s. The most import- 
; "It (iocumonts, according to him 
I ;n-e some stone tnblets discover- 
I <'a in Kaifeiig. An inscription on 
of Ihcse. dated 1512. savs 
fiat tfu. first Jews came to 
( hma during the Han Dyiiasiv 
(206 B^C. to 221 A.D.). aS 丄;. 
p^y+s they arrived in the Chou 
iJynaKty (hefoie 255 R.C ) A 
'[>"■'' records the avrival of 70 
cluns 171 the Sung Dynasty. 
(-'lay fitrures ot the Tang 

%v 、 , 



Stock Mart 

LONDON, Oct, 28 (Ueuter) 
一 South African gold mining 
-siiarts again luive he-en nf major 
intc rest on the stock market to- 
day, tlthoLigh there was none of 
I lie sharp movements which fol- 
lowed the disclosures of the Ne 
Union Go!(] fields yesterday. Deal- 
ings linvi? been moiv limiied an l 
the steaciiiie:ss was attributed I > 
bear covering, 

Althnuph there lias been _ 
good deal satd about the possi- 
hUHy of ''fVeczhiE'' these deal- 
iiigSi there is still no sign of 
I'/liciol action being taken or 
l、av:ng been asked. However, 
the inaikct is still in a very 
sensitive state and this feeling: 
of uncertainty also is showing 
i self ftnioiig South African in- 

Market circles anticipate tKere 
will l>c further att:mpts at bear 
-。 when the new account 
:^tavts tomorrow. 

The rtmaimier of I he maikcU 
were showing no particular trend 
ixcL'pt British Funds, which 
resumed tlioir steady climb 
I'.itrher levels, assisted by funds 
"'lik'h left the industrial market 
for sorne better class polcl min- 
"ifTs and now were leaving these 
issues on account of the uncer- 
tain positio 


•Int Nickel 45 45-3/16 

•Canad. Paciflc .17-1/2 17-1/4 

Bank of Montreal7-9/l6 7-6/1« 

Consols. . ,S8-l/4 fi8-:J/S 

War Loan 3 W 102-11 /16102-11/16 

War Loan 3*. . .102-3/8 102-5/8 

German Loan 7*7-1/2 7-1/2 

Eastern Bank . . .8-1/8 8-】/8 

Lloyds Bank "B"G1 /3 6】/3 

Mercantile Bank. 21 21 

British Burmah .5/1 fi/lMr 

Conso. Tin M!nei3/- 3/- 

Jap< Bonds 6*- .20 2d 

Jap- Bonds 6 29-1/2 29-1/2 

S. Manchurian .,27 27 

Chartered Bank JO-n/16 10-ll/lfi 

,, %u S- Bkg 113-1/2 113-1/2 

Natiotial Bank . ,3 卜 3/4 32 

Stand. MoU>r9 .,:J2/- 32/"- 

Marks & SpencerGfl/IOVi 65 /7H 

Elec. h MusTcaKi;^/- ' 

Pinchin Johnson, r'l '1 '. r'V3 

Price, Wage 
Curli Urged 
By Raiiiadier 

PARIS. "ocT. 28— (UP) — 
Prime Minister Paul Rama- 
dier warned today that 
France* must ; it all costs halt 
the present wage-price in- 
flation flniral and said econo- 
mic difficulties are at tin 
bottom of her present trou- 

Raniodier attacked Gen. Char- 
les tie Gaulle an enemy of 
: RepubHc and denounces the 
French Communists, for pui su- 
ng tiuls c'ontrary to the safely 
f t::c country- 

■ There will be civil war and 
it w::I the ruin of France" 
if the nation should split intfi 
I wo camps. Ramadier wavneU. 

His reference plainly was - 
Ti.t? V olcntly antagonistic lead-M - 
ships of de Gaulle and tht 

Ramadier lashed out at both 
de Gaulle and the Comniunists. 
two of the greatest forces in 
France , which have caug:ht the 
aclmiTiistiation between them. 

The National Assembly wn^^ 
thrown into uproar by the So- 
cialist Premier's assault, Work-i 
\x\% toward an assembly vote 
confidence which placed his gov- 
ernment in jeopardy Rumadicj 
drew shouts of protest from tJuj 
floor when he lumped de Gaull J 
amon^ the enemies of the Re J 
public and in attacking; tin 
Communists (ienianded nJ 
French Party should follow enri- 
fo reign' to the safety of the. 

Sarcastically he referred tJ 
dc Gaulle, resurgent politici^l 
leader who has amasse<l 
astounding strength in recent 
municipal elections, as a modern 
Joan of Arc. 

"It docs not seem to me that 
someone on the order of Jna i \ 
of Arc could become the head o*i 
a political party." I 

Addressing tlv packed As- 
sembly to lunch the showdown 
(leltate on which his govcrn- 
nu-nt's Jiff* wi?l Hepontl, white 
bc:irdt'ri Ramarfier decluretl 
'■Either we remain where 、、 (■ 
iUf "1 the salary issue or nn- 
othor wage boost will caus^ a ,卜 
olhei- price increase, pnrticiilai ly 
ill agricultural prices, and who 
knows what economic results 
til lit will have? 

"We must at all coats stabi- 
lize wages a"d stabilize prices." 

PoHcg reinforcements were 
held in readiness outside tho 
Assembly in case of disordeis 
liut only a couple of hunche'l, 
bystanders watched the deputiesj 
aii'ival for one of the most c 叫 
cial debates in recent FrcncH 
history. | 

There* were no barricades 
ai iiiored cars near the Assembly 

Ramadier said France is "go- 
ing through a very difRcuU 
period"' and he had called the 
special ^Assembly session sixteen 
days i)0(cre its normal return 
from vacation to enable it 
"participiite in the government* 
― anri decisions". 

End of Joseph Preuss Collection